Diyarbakir is often called the unofficial capital of Turkish Kurdistan. Its Kurdish name is Amed. The city boasts an ancient Byzantine wall of black basalt constructed by the Emperor Constantius in 349 and still well preserved. In January 2000, Mesut Yilmaz, a former Turkish prime minister and at that time a member of the coalition government, famously declared that "the road to the EU European Union passes through Diyarbakir." By this he meant that Turkey would be admitted into the EU only if it successfully solved its Kurdish problem in a democratic manner. In recent years the city's population has swelled to well over 1,000,000 due to the dislocations from the war against the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Since 2004, Osman Baydemir, a dynamic young ethnic Kurdish leader, has been the mayor of Diyarbakir. He was reelected to that post in the local elections of March 2009.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Diyarbakir — Diyarbakır …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diyarbakır — Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diyarbakır — Diyarbakir Murailles de la ville. Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diyarbakir — Diyarbakır Diyarbakır Murailles de la ville. Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diyarbakır — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Provincia de Diyarbakır. Diyarbakır …   Wikipedia Español

  • Diyarbakir —   [di jɑrbɑkər] , Provinzhauptstadt in Südostanatolien, Türkei, 650 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am rechten Ufer des oberen Tigris, 511 600 Einwohner; katholischer Erzbischofssitz und Bischofssitz einiger orientalischer Kirchen; Universität… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Diyarbakir — [dē yär΄bä kir′] city in SE Turkey, on the Tigris: pop. 371,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Diyarbakır — Amed / Amid   City   …   Wikipedia

  • Diyarbakir — /dee yahrdd buk euhrdd/, n. a city in SE Turkey in Asia, on the Tigris River. 169,746. Also, Diarbekr, Diyarbekir. * * * ▪ Turkey also spelled  Diyarbekir , historically  Amida        city, southeastern Turkey, on the right bank of the Tigris… …   Universalium

  • Diyarbakir — Original name in latin Diyarbakr Name in other language Amed, Amida, DIY, Diarbakir, Diarbekir, Diarbekr, Diari Bekir, Diari Bkir, Dijarbakir, Dijarbakira, Dijarbakiro, Dijarbakyr, Dijarbakyras, Dijarbekir, Dikranakerd, Diyarbakir, Diyarbakr,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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